Wow creatures – Puffer fish: Looks cute, but it is second most poisonous fish in the world

Meet the Puffer fish. This cute and small creature (100 cm), with its large teeth can crush even the strongest shells, it is the second most poisonous fish in the world, the predators that do not respect this cute, little fish may end up and die, because of its poison.

Here are some of the  facts about puffer fish, also called puffers, puffer fish, blow fish, globe fish, toadies, honey toads, bubble fish, and balloon fish, sea squab and sugar toads.

Don’t ever stress Puffer fish – Backup defense mechanism, used if successfully pursued, is to fill its extremely elastic stomach with water (or air when outside the water) until it is much larger and almost spherical in shape.

With its large teeth, puffer fish crush the strong shells.

They are by far the second most poisonous vertebrates in the world, comes after the golden poison frog.

The specific organs of puffer fish are rather more toxic than the rest of the parts which is why they’re not mostly eaten by animals however, the meat of few species is considered to be a delicacy in Japan. Puffer fish can be lethal if not served properly. Puffer poisoning usually results from consumption of incorrectly prepared puffer soup, fugu chiri, or occasionally from raw puffer meat, sashimi fugu. While chiri is much more likely to cause death, sashimi fugu often causes intoxication and numbness of the lips, and is often eaten for this reason. Puffer fish  toxin deadens the tongue and lips, and induces dizziness and vomiting, followed by numbness and prickling over the body, rapid heart rate, decreased blood pressure and muscle  paralysis. The toxin paralyzes diaphragm muscles and stops the person who has ingested it from breathing. People who live longer than 24 hours typically survive, although possibly after a coma  lasting several days.

There are around 120 species in the family with extensive diversity in the tropical and temperate regions but they’re widely absent from the cold waters.

Puffer fish are normally medium-sized species although a very few can grow to size equal to or greater than 100 cm.

With the help of their exclusive and natural defenses, puffins are able to make up for its slow locomotion. However the maneuverability is often too slow to evade predators. It’s tail fin is primarily employed as a wheel, but it can be used for a rapid short burst of speed.

The puffer fish has an excellent eyesight and with the help of its speed burst it becomes an important defense against the potential predators.

All these fish have sharp spines so a potential predator might find it inedible pointed ball. The predators that do not respect puffer fish for its poisonous features may end up die.

Except few, most of them are poisonous and therefore inedible. Fugu puffer, for example, is not poisonous as the level of toxin differs than the other puffer fish.

One of the unique qualities of puffer fish is that they are capable to maneuver their eyes and more importantly independently.

Several puffer fish species are also adept to alter their colors together with the intensity of their patterns in response to environmental changes. They’re probably comparable to the terrestrial chameleon.

Most of the species have dazzling colors along with typical markings. They do not try to hide from the potential predators.

Source: Animalstime; Tetraodontidae;